Opioids and substance use resources

We list safe syringe and Narcan services, recovery programs and more.


Opioids have been plaguing our city for more than a decade. The drugs affect the user, their family, their friends and the community.

You can find support, resources and more information about opioids:

A syringe and opioid drugs.


Opioid use on the rise

  • The opioid epidemic began in the 1990s with the overprescribing of prescriptions to treat pain. This led to the abuse of opioids and the growing number of fatal and non-fatal overdoses we see today.
  • Four Minnesotans die each day from drug overdoses.
  • Minneapolis opioid deaths from 2021 to 2022 increased by 24%.

Read about fentanyl from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Read about Minnesota's opioid epidemic from the Minnesota Department of Health


Fatal opioid overdoses by year
Year 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Minnesota 422 343 427 678 924 1,002 
Minneapolis 83 74 86 146 197 231
  • In 2022, Minneapolis had 24 percent of the opioid deaths in the state
    • Minneapolis makes up 8 percent of the state's population.
  • Fentanyl is the most common opioid being abused in our City. It’s a synthetic opioid approved for treating pain. It can be:
    • Up to 50 times stronger than heroin
    • 100 times stronger than morphine
  • Illegally made fentanyl is linked to the increase in fatal and non-fatal overdoses.
  • Three grains of salt are about how much fentanyl it takes to kill a person.

Recovery programs and education

Other resources

Legal support

Find legal help for those dealing with drug-related criminal cases. 

Mental health resources

We have a list of mental health support resources.

Chemical use assessment

Rule 25 is a type of alcohol and drug assessment in Minnesota.

The purpose of the rule is to:

  • Assess a person's substance use
  • Determine if a person can be diagnosed with a substance use disorder

Substance use disorder is the medical term for alcoholism or drug addiction.

Get an assessment

Safe needle disposal

The City and its residents are concerned about the growing amounts of syringe litter. Syringe litter creates:

  • A public health hazard
  • Risk of injury
  • Spread of disease

The Minneapolis Health and Fire Departments teamed up to make a video on how to:

  • Create your own safe needle pick-up kit
  • Safely pickup needles
  • Throw them away

Professional needle disposal kits

We also created a professional safe needle pick-up kit. 

The pilot program offers a very limited number of free kits to residents. 

Five fire stations around the city will each carry five kits that will be handed out on a first come, first serve basis. 

Minneapolis fire station locations:

  • Fire Station 2 – 143 13th Ave NE
  • Fire Station 6 – 121 E 15th St
  • Fire Station 7 – 2000 E Franklin Ave
  • Fire Station 14 – 2002 Lowry Ave
  • Fire Station 17 – 330 E 38th St

Learn about Safe Stations

Drop boxes

Syringe drop boxes are an effective way to decrease syringe litter. You can find drop boxes in neighborhoods around the city.

Picking up needles without proper training could be dangerous. If you come across syringes in your community or you need information on drop box locations, contact 311

Safe syringe and Narcan services

Services provided

Safe syringe services provided by public health organizations include: 

  • HIV and hepatitis C prevention and testing
  • Naloxone kits and training
  • Sterile syringes at no cost
  • Referrals for substance abuse treatment and recovery support

Good Samarian law

"Steve's Law" is Minnesota’s Good Samaritan and naloxone law. This law is named after Steve Rummler, who passed from an opioid overdose in 2011. 


Steve’s Law provides limited protection from criminal prosecution. The law encourages those who witness overdoses to seek help. 

Surviving an opioid overdose depends on how quickly the person overdosing receives medical help. This includes the life-saving medication naloxone. 

In situations involving substance use, the fear of being arrested can prevent people from seeking or giving help. 


We’ve produced posters and flyers with information on Steve's Law to provide resources to community members.

View our resources

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Contact us

Minneapolis Health Department




Public Service Building
505 Fourth Ave. S., Room 520
Minneapolis, MN 55415



Minneapolis 311


Office hours

7 a.m. – 7 p.m.
Monday – Friday