Mikro Kodesh Synagogue

You can read about the history and designation of the Mikro Kodesh Synagogue historic landmark.






Address: 1000 Oliver Avenue North

Neighborhood: Near North

Construction Date: 1926

Contractor: Maurice Mandel

Architect: Septimus J. Bowler

Architectural Style: Exotic Revival

Historic Use: Religious - Synagogue

Current Use: Religious - Church

Date of Local Designation: 1998

Date of National Register Designation: N/A

Area(s) of Significance: Architecture, Religion, Social/Humanitarian

Period of Significance: 1900-

Historic Profile: Built in 1926 the Mikro Kodesh Synagogue provided a strong sense of place for what was identified in 1958 as the largest Orthodox congregation in the Upper Midwest. Minneapolis architect S.J. Bowler incorporated several motifs into the design of the impressive structure. Golden domes and semi-circular pediment echo Byzantine sources while the towers and arched windows are Romanesque. Other unique design features are the carved lions wearing crowns guarding the Hebrew scrolls and the 14 remaining Stars of David (two have been replaced by Christian Crosses). Even though the Mikro Kodesh congregation no longer resides at the location, the building remains physical evidence of a once vibrant Jewish community in north Minneapolis.

Photo Credits:

1937, Minneapolis Star Journal, courtesy of The Minnesota Historical Society

2006, Minneapolis CPED

Works Cited:

"City of Minneapolis Heritage Preservation Commission Registration Form," May 1996.

Updated: September 2011

Community Planning & Economic Development

Historic Preservation




Public Service Center
505 Fourth Ave. S., Room 320
Minneapolis, MN 55415