Food safety

Food safety materials and resources for you to use in your business.

Employee illness

Infected food workers present a severe food safety risk.

The person in charge is required to notify the local health department or the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) if any food employees are known to be infected with

  • Another bacterial, viral or parasitic pathogen.
  • Norovirus
  • Hepatitis A virus
  • Shiga toxin-producing E. coli
  • Shigella
  • Salmonella

Employee illness resources

Sick and Safe Time



  • When you are sick with vomiting or diarrhea, do not work in a food establishment. Avoid preparing food while you have symptoms and for at least three days after you recover.
  • No bare hand contact with ready-to-eat food including garnishes and ice
  • Practice proper glove use

If a sick customer or employee vomits or has diarrhea in your establishment:

  • Clean up vomit and diarrhea right away. Wear protective clothing, gloves and mask. Use absorbent material to soak up liquids. Do not vacuum. Wash surfaces that contacted vomit or diarrhea with soapy water.
  • Disinfect surfaces with a chlorine bleach solution
  • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water. Hand sanitizers may not be effective against norovirus

Foodborne illness outbreak investigatons 

Learn about foodborne illnesses outbreak investigations.

Food safety videos

Food safety videos educate viewers about commercial kitchen food safety. The videos, produced by the City of Minneapolis Health Department, are for staff and managers of commercial kitchens. 

Video titles are Be Your Own Food Safety Inspector, Times and Temperatures, Safe Facilities and Equipment, Employee Health and Hygiene and Protection from Contamination.

Food safety inspection videos by language:

Self-checklists and temperature logs

Self-inspections and logging temperatures create internal peer to peer learning, strengthen training efforts by the person in charge, change facility standards and make businesses safer and more successful. Materials are available in multiple languages.

Time as a Public Health Control

Non-continuous cooking



Germ buster

This poster shows the six steps to cleaner hands.

Visit the MN Department of Health website for posters in Somali, Arabic, Bengali, Cambodian, Chinese, Hindi, Korean, Nepalese, Russian, Turkish, Ukrainian, and Vietnamese.

Conscious choking poster 

Food protection set

This picture guide and poster set can be paired with the self-inspection checklist and temperature logs above. It can be especially useful for staff training where language or literacy barriers exist.

Food safety posters

Date marking

Keep hot foods hot

Keep cold Foods cold 

No Bare hand contact



Cooking temperatures




Service animals in food businesses

Are service animals allowed in food businesses? Are emotional support animals allowed in food businesses? Find answers in:

What to expect when you are inspected

Learn what to expect during your health inspection including:

  • What happens when your health inspector arrives
  • Documents to show your health inspector
  • How often you will be inspected
  • A summary of what health inspectors examine

What to expect during a health inspection



Ingredient and allergen labeling

Ingredient lists and food labeling are important to customers who must avoid a specific ingredient for medical or religious reasons. MN Food Code requires businesses to provide customers with information on ingredients and allergens on all foods served.

This includes:

  • Keep the ingredient list from the label of food items purchased in a package, bag, box, can or bottle. Examples: packaged buns from a bakery, boxed pasta, prepared sauces, etc.
  • Keep recipes in a centralized location to be able to answer ingredient and allergen questions from your customers.
  • Properly label all food items prepared and packaged by your restaurant that are available for self-service. Food is packaged if the food business bottles, cans, cartons, wraps or bags the product and makes it available for self-service.


The label on a food package tells consumers exactly what is inside the package. Food package label information must be written in English. There are five parts of a food label:

  1. Identity (name of food).
  2. Net Quantity of Contents.
  3. Ingredient List, including Major Food Allergens* (List all ingredients by their common or usual name)
    • List all ingredients in descending order (most to least) by weight. If less than 2% by weight, an ingredient can be mentioned at the end of the list, stating “contains 2% or less of ____.”
    • Include all sub-ingredients. Example: Flour (bleached wheat flour, malt barley, flour, niacin, iron, potassium thiamine, riboflavin).
    • Include chemical preservatives and food coloring in descending order (most to least) by weight.
  4. Business Name and Address
  5. Nutrition Facts

Major food allergens

Allergen labeling is required for packaged food products that contain any of the eight major food allergens:

  • Milk
  • Eggs
  • Fish
  • Crustacean shellfish
  • Tree nuts
  • Peanuts
  • Wheat
  • Soy

Identify by name any major food allergens in the product, as part of the ingredient list. This must include protein derived from a major food allergen.

Use one of the following options:

  • List the common or usual name of the food source, followed by the name of the allergen in parentheses. Example: flour (wheat), whey (milk).
  • After the ingredient list, place the word “Contains:” followed by the food allergen. Example: Contains: wheat, milk.

For tree nuts, declare the specific type of nut. Examples: almonds, coconut, pecans. For fish or crustacean shellfish, declare the species. Examples: walleye, shrimp, lobster.

The Minnesota Department of Health has more information on labeling food.  

Food Labeling for Retail Food Establishment

Request accessible format

If you need help with this information, please email 311, or call 311 or 612-673-3000.

Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use.

Contact us

Health Department

Environmental Health




Public Service Center
505 Fourth Ave S, Room 520
Minneapolis, MN 55415